In July, the Taliban introduced a gathering of handpicked clerics to resolve on the destiny of the training ban. However solely two clerics got here in help of the women’ training. Since then, the Taliban has not made any progress on whether or not they’re prepared to compromise
“Initially, we have been hopeful that they might reopen colleges, however with the passage of time, we observed that, no, they’re doing one thing else. They only challenge anti-women verdicts after every day,” Nazhand stated. “I do not assume that they’re prepared to reopen colleges, the Taliban have no downside with women’ colleges, however they wish to exploit them politically. They wish to proceed their ruling on society by banning women colleges. It’s of their curiosity to impose restrictions on girls as a result of they cannot do it on males.”
After the US military intervention of Afghanistan in late 2001 that ousted the Taliban from energy, the war-torn nation witnessed a sequence of socioeconomic reforms and rebuilding applications. The post-Taliban constitution, which was ratified in 2004, expanded girls’s rights to go to high school, vote, work, serve in civic establishments, and protest. By 2009, girls have been working for president for the primary time within the nation’s historical past.
However the 4 a long time of battle and hostility inflicted huge hurt to Afghanistan’s primary infrastructures, together with to the nation’s instructional belongings.
And even earlier than the Taliban seized energy on Aug. 15 final 12 months, a report by UNICEF discovered that Afghanistan had struggled with greater than 4.2 million kids out of college, 60% of whom have been women. Though the potential prices of not educating girls and boys alike are excessive by way of misplaced earnings, not educating women is very pricey due to the connection between instructional attainment and scholar delaying marriage and childbearing, taking part within the workforce, making decisions about their very own future, and investing extra within the well being and training of their very own kids later in life. The evaluation signifies that Afghanistan might be unable to regain the GDP misplaced throughout the transition and attain its true potential productiveness with out fulfilling women’ rights to entry and full secondary faculty training. UNICEF additionally estimated that If the present cohort of three million women have been in a position to full their secondary training and take part within the job market, it might contribute no less than $5.4 billion to Afghanistan’s financial system.
A report by Amnesty International additionally says that the Taliban have prevented girls throughout Afghanistan from working.
“Most ladies authorities workers have been instructed to remain house, aside from these working in sure sectors similar to well being and training,” the report states. “Within the non-public sector, many ladies have been dismissed from high-level positions. The Taliban’s coverage seems to be that they are going to enable solely girls who can’t be changed by males to maintain working. Girls who’ve continued working instructed Amnesty Worldwide that they’re discovering it extraordinarily troublesome within the face of Taliban restrictions on their clothes and habits, such because the requirement for girls medical doctors to keep away from treating male sufferers or interacting with male colleagues.”
“Twenty years in the past, when the Taliban took management of Afghanistan, the very first thing they did was a ban on girls’s entry to training,” Nazhand stated. “The Taliban saved a lot of girls in isolation and as an illiterate inhabitants; the end result was a paralyzed and backward society. We should not overlook that the Taliban are nonetheless affected by the unconventional and repressive mindset that they might maintain 20 years in the past. We should not stay the ladies that we have been 20 years in the past, and we is not going to stay silent.”
Safety threats and acts of terrorism have additionally been a significant concern to the scholars in Afghanistan. In late October, a suicide bomber attacked a category full of over 500 college students in west Kabul, killing no less than 54 faculty graduates — amongst them have been 54 young girls. The assault marked the second lethal assault on training facilities within the nation because the Taliban had taken over energy.